What is Drama? ; Drama comes from Greek words meaning “to do” or “to act. ” ; Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance. ; According to Oxford Dictionary, drama is a composition in prose or in verse; adapted to be acted and is represented with accompanying gesture, costume, and scenery, as in real life. ; It is essentially social and involves contact, communication and the negotiation of meaning. ; Drama needs an individual or a group of people who use themselves – their bodies and their minds -? through action and offers through speech to tell a story. It is a social encounter in a special place and in a special time. The actors and the spectators move between real time and imaginary time, from existential reality to dramatic reality. A drama is a story enacted onstage for a live audience. Did you know that: ; A world-wide show (A Dramatic Entertainment) , Miss Saigon , which was produced by Cameron Mackintosh of England whose company received a Queen’s award for Export Achievement was staged in the Cultural Center of the Philippines in March 2001 ; As to casting, the producers unanimously felt that they needed Asian voices that could sing Western music.
And this worldwide search took them to 10 countries including the Philippines where they found the majority of their original London cast. ; It is here that Miss Lea Salon of the Philippines became the first star of the show. Development of Drama ; Ancient Drama : – Among the Egyptians of about 2000 B. C. E. , drama existed in religious ceremonies for the worship of Souris. There are some evidences of drama in the Book of Job and in the song of Solomon, where occasionally there appear to be parts for two speak Kerr. But the drama, as known today, in distinct forms of tragedy and comedy is originated in Greece, in the festivals of Dionysus in the fifth and sixth centuries B. C. E. , where poetry, a Dramatic ode with song and dance, was presented by a leader and a chorus. – In the dramatic contest under Postscripts, the Diathermy developed into drama. ; Medieval Drama : There was three kinds of development in the Medieval play, there are the following : 1. Mystery Play Was based on the Holy Scripture. In France, it is to be distinguished from the miracle play, which dealt with the life of a saint or a miracle of the Virgin.
But in England, both oftenest forms were termed miracles. . Morality Play The chief characters represented abstract qualities, such as vice, humanity, or death, and the tone was generally philosophical. The moralities contained humor. 3. Secular Drama Dealing with everyday character such as lawyers, the merchant, the student, the young wife, and the old foolish husband. ; Renaissance Drama : – With the rediscovery of classical literature during this period, the Greek and Roman dramatists were imitated first in Italy and later, with the spread of humanism, in France, Germany, and England.
By the advent of the Renaissance in the 15 the and 16 the cent. Most European countries had established native traditions of religious drama and farce that contended with the impact of the newly discovered Greek and Roman plays. Little had been known of classical drama during the Middle Ages, and evidently the only classical imitations during that period were the Christian imitations of Terrace by the Saxon nun Wraiths in the 10 the cent. – The comedic dell’ rate’ was original and lifelike. It was an unwritten impromptu drama, produced on platforms on the streets by strolling players. The most brilliant 16 the century drama was from the English, chiefly cause, in the reign of Elizabeth l, drama was the source of entertainment for all classes Of people. All Of the medieval and renaissance drama were produced. ; Drama of the 17 the 18 the and 19 the Centuries: – In England, in the middle of the 18 the century, the theater was briefly revived by the comedy of manners. – French drama emerged in the 1 7 the century, from its medieval and religious influences, with the classical tragedies. – German drama came to maturity much more slowly than did the Roman and English dramas. The popular 18 the century drama in France was the farcical comedy; in England, the comedy of manners and the domestic drama. – In the 19 the century, romantic drama flourished throughout Europe. – Idealized historical or sentimental characters figured in complex plots of adventure and triumphant love. – Various types of romantic drama, melodrama, the historical play, and the fantasy play flourished in Italy and in Russia. ; Modern Drama . – Credit should be given to Ibsen, a Norwegian dramatist, for the development of the modern drama. Ibsen influence on modern drama was immense.
There was a brief revival of romantic fantasy in France; symbolism was carried to great extremes; expressionism appeared in Germany after World War I; comedy was rejuvenated in England and the United States. – French impressionism made small showing in the theater; poetic drama reached new heights in England, Ireland, France, Spain, and United States. Oriental Drama ; Dramas from Asian countries, like the Japanese, the Chinese, and the If loping drama. ; It will help us appreciate Asian heritage, culture, and civilization more. This is a culture or civilization not far from those established by Rome, Greece, or other countries. Like Western drama, the drama of Asia originated as an elaboration of liturgical practices. It is based on the concept of sanitation scimitar, the threefold art of music, dance, and poetry, fused into single artistic entity. ; The emphasis is on performance rather than on the intellectual significance of the subject matter. ; Asian actors long ago rejected realistic presentation in favor of abstraction and symbolism Pre sheepishness’s Drama ; Early forms of the Philippine Drama : – was a poetical debate held by trained men and women in the ninth night, the last night of the mourning period for the dead.
The male participants, bellicose , are the heads of the game.
Cantata – song ; Moor-Moor – It is a cloak-and-dagger play depicting the wars teen the Christians and the Muslims, with the Christians always on the winning side. – The first Moor-Moor was written by FRR. Jerome Perez and was staged in manila in 1637, to commemorate Governor General Consumers’ victory over the Muslims of Mindanao. – Since then, it has become the favorite play of the people, especially during the town festivals. ; Azure – It is a melodrama with songs and dances that have a three-none-act play. – It is intended to make the mass feeling towards love, fear, grief, sorrow or any emotional reactions sublime.
It sometimes shows the political and social conditions Of our country. It is a musical comedy. Racial wrote a azure entitled Junta AY Passing (Beside the Passing). It was staged at the Atone De Manila on December 8, 1880 on the occasion of the celebration of the Feast Day of the Immaculate Conception, patron saint of the college. ; Memories – Mormon festivals is a Lenten ritual that is as colorful as it is unique. – It is celebrated every Holy Week in Martinique, an island at the southern end of Luzon, particularly in the towns of Boca, Gasman, and Mongo. Mormon means mask or visor which is the top part of the medieval Roman armor covering the face. It is this ask carved from adapt wood that is the focal point of the Memories celebration. – The climax of the festival is the pagan ceremony held at noon of Easter Sunday. ; Tat-Titian – It is a pagan ritual which has become an annual affair that the natives look forward to with greet expectation. ; It is the most extravagant fiesta in the Philippines celebrated in Kalmia, Klan, every third Sunday of January in honor of the Infant Jesus. Tat-titian derived its name from Tats, the aboriginal Negotiators of the area in the Visas. “Hal Birr! Hal Birr! “This resonant cry fills the air as the people of Kalmia gyrate through the trees in a hypnotized mass of dancing and shaking. Feet stomping, hands clapping, bongos beating and ears ringing all sound out the rhythmic beat of the Tat-titian. ; The festival was later dedicated the Santos NIH because of the victories won by thespians in Kalmia against themselves attacks when they workforces to abandon Mindanao. The people of Klan celebrate the tat-titian dressed in outlandish costumes and get-ups. This native Marci-grass finds the participants dressed in improvised attires of feathers, coconut shells and palm fronds, as they imitate in their own way the garish tribal costumes of the Tats. The merrymaker throw their inhibitions to the wind as they prance about in gay abandon for 3 consecutive nights. ; The Modern Philippine Drama -The modern Philippine drama/stage play was rejuvenated upon the establishment of the Repertory Philippines in June of 1 967 which was founded by Candida “Boot’ Matador and Baby Barred. њ Repertory Philippines In its arrears of existence it has become the country leading theater company, keeping abreast of new materials and demanding outstanding performance from its extraordinary talents. Did you know that? ; The Modern Philippine Drama/stage play was subjugated upon the establishment of the Repertory Philippines on June of 1 967 which was founded by Candida “Boot” Matador and Baby Barred. ; In its years of existence, Repertory Philippines has become the country leading theater company, keeping abreast of new materials and demanding outstanding performances from its extraordinary talents.
Brief history Of the Philippine cinema 1926 – Hollywood silent movies are shown in the Philippines 1927 – The Silos brothers make “The Three Tramps” a short comedy 1929 – Collegian Love is written and directed by Carols Vender Tools Petrol Toleration bought the sedatives and prints four movies from Jose Omnipotence. Asuncion Lobby bought two movies from Omnipotence Omnipotence’s competitor, Rafael Fernando, formed Bananas Pictures With attractive salaries, he took man of Omnipotence’s best actors and actresses.