Cinderella essay

Through years it has become very popular among children around the entire world and it has adopted different versions by many writers. One of the famous versions of this t came from Royal Dahl who included this in his famous book Revolting Rhymes. There he fractured traditional fairly tales and he also put a touch of his dark humor by which he is so recognized. To begin with, Oral Dahl presents many changes to Cinderella t rotational

Firstly, he decides to go off the plot in a different direction, altered the characters and settings. In the originally version Cinderella is showed as a sweet, lovely girl who is victim of her stepsisters and step mother. But in Dahlia’s version Cinderella is showed as a jealous and whimsical girl that demands imperiously to her magic fairy. In addition to this, Royal Dahl also changes the character of the prince who is not an ideal hero who put in safe to Cinderella of her sister and mother, indeed e cuts off heads to find her.

As a consequence he changes the ending and Cinderella g e TTS married with a decent man- a jam maker. On the other hand, Dahl not only adds some anachronism and new characters but also changes and extends the end of the tale.

Study Guide Summer essay

Which of these is NOT known to influence the cocktail party effect? 5. Trainman’s modified filter model of attention suggests that some information passes through, but only after it has been ranked in terms of 6. According to Trainman’s dictionary unit, the lower the threshold of information, 7. Which of the following scenarios best illustrates the notion that our attention is like a spotlight? 8. In your textbook, a study was discussed in which participants were asked to complete two tasks at once or separately, and their performance in both intuitions was compared.

It was found that when they performed both tasks at the same time, they did not perform as well as when the tasks were performed separately. This experiment employed 9. Who developed the feature integration model of attention? 10. An example of a conjunction target would be 11. Localization of function or features in attention processes is consistent with 12. Caretakers et al. (2013) found activity in the global percept. 13. During a task involving a Noticing a red flower among a field of purple flowers illustrates 14.

Participants in Simons & Chablis’ (1999) study did not notice when a gorilla walked across a scene. This illustrates 15. Participants in Simons & Eleven’s (1998) study did not notice when a person asking them for directions was switched with another person. This illustrates 17. If you had to turn your car wheel left to make a right turn, you would likely get confused. This illustrates 18. The two mechanisms hypothesized to underlie the Simon effect are 19. And Difficulty naming the print color of a word for a different color (word ‘blue’ written in red ink) illustrates 20.

In Strop’s study(1 935) on automatic processing in attention, he found that participants took less time to name colors when the word and color were and more time when they were 21. Processing that is not controlled and does not tax cognitive resources is whereas processing due to an intention that consumes cognitive resources is 22. Perhaps one of the most important ways to turn a controlled task into an automatic one is 23. Clive Wearing lost his ability to form new memories due to damage to his resulting from encephalitis. 24. Memory processes include encoding, storage and 5.

Imagine that you are sitting in class, listening to your professor lecture, viewing slides on the projector that he is flipping through. You close your eyes and see the image of the last screen fade. This is an example of 26. Multiple choice questions are an example of are examples of tests. 27. Tests and essay questions Word fragment test, stem completion test, perceptual degradation test are examples Of tests for memory 28. Which of these is NOT a component of memory formation? 29. Encoding the color of a stimulus is to the that stimulus is to the 30. Memories are called as encoding the meaning of Very brief memories are called _; brief memories are called _; long held 31. Which Of the following is NOT a characteristic Of sensory memory: 32. Which of the following is NOT a feature of short-term memory: 33. Which of the following is NOT a feature of long-term memory: 34. You are participating in a study in which you are presented with an array of letters. However, you are only asked to report the top line of 5 rows (much like an eye exam). This best illustrates 35. Visual sensory memories last for approximately 36. An intermediate memory storage that begins processing of perceptual information transferred from 37. When you were young your teacher likely had you write your name, phone number, and address out repeatedly in order to help you remember them. This rehearsal helped get the information from to 38. According to the study by Miller, the capacity of short-term memory is known as 39. You just recently bought a new cell phone and had to change your phone number. However, your old phone number keeps interfering with your ability to remember your new phone number. This is an example of

You have been working at a bank for the last 4 years, but they recently changed systems and you had to relearn how to perform every task. However, after a while, you notice that you cannot remember how you used to perform these tasks using the old system. This is an example of 41. Old information interfering with the storage or retrieval Of new information is as new information interfering with the storage or retrieval of old information is 42. Being able to recall what you had for breakfast yesterday illustrates your 43. Your memory for the name of presidents or capitals of countries are examples of 44.

Remembering how to drive a car is an example of 45. When you took your introductory psychology course, you likely learned a little bit about many different areas of psychology. However, as you began taking other psychology courses, you likely found that your professors would on information you already learned in your introductory psychology course. Essentially, you were adding new information onto existing information that you already knew. Which of the following is NOT one of Badness’s proposed components of his working memory model? 47.

SCR Why essay

Census. Change also used example of Beam’s word: ” I selflessness a s an African American. That’s how am treated and that’s how am viewed. ” to pro eve the races unfair still exist. Which her expectations have been borne out: ” race is a n … Unless construct because of if every biracial person chose one race, it also means the y toss half part of themselves” and “We might not never get rid of the racial category in t he census form but we need to do it

Reading Changes essay make me think and what unforeseen developments SE most likely to be the medium or longtime legacy of the revision of the federal racial standards? Maybe filling out the census from is just a format of demographic statistics, but consequences of ignoring biracial people will effect the society. She took her own children as the fact of uncertain identify, therefore it gave pathos to the essay . This situation make me think back to civil war, if civil war make the protection know win as civil rights” then why cannot Obama check white on his census.

Change used e those as using president Obama as an example, added value in the essay. In my opinion n, agree with the society should not identify who we are, even we cannot make the Soc itty agree, but we have the rights to choose and identify who we are.

Lab Report essay

The goal of this experiment was to determine the gas-side and liquid-side mass transfer coefficients for a stirred tank system, and then compare the values obtained to the theoretical mass transfer values. This was done using a stirred tank apparatus that measured the carbon dioxide dissolution rate in water. Theory: The two-resistance theory models the transfer of material between two contacting phases.

In the situation where a component is being transferred room a liquid film to a gas film the rates of diffusion in the z direction can be described by the equations: Equation 1 Equation 2 where keg is the convective mass transfer in the gas phase and kill is the convective mass transfer in the liquid phase. In steady state conditions Equation 1 and Equation 2 can be set equal to each other such that, Equation 3 This equation shows the dependence of the diffusion rates on concentration gradients.

This is visually represented in Figure 1. Figure 1 The ratio of the two convective mass transfer coefficients may be obtained room equation 3 by rearranging is to give: Equation 4 In this experiment the concentration of CA will be found by taking the pH, this is possible due to the reaction between CA and water. Equation 5 Equation 6 Equation 7 Equation 8 Equation 9 The equilibrium concentration can be found using Henrys Law, seen below: Equation 10 where H is Henrys constant and APPC is the partial pressure of carbon dioxide.

Using this and the reactions we get, Equation 11 Equation 12 Then there will be enough information to solve for the mass transfer coefficient using, Apparatus: Procedure: To perform the lab first flush the System with air by opening the air valve and release valve and closing the CA valve. Then flush it with water by closing the release valve and turning the water on. Once the system is totally flushed close the air valve and open the CA valve.

Vans Skarting On Air essay

Smiling, Condescend noticed that many in the rood were wearing the specially-designed Dogtrot shoes the company had sent to all invitees. Vans was best known for selling footwear and apparel to skateboarders and surfers; the company also sold products for other alternative sports, including snowboarding, BMW bike-riding motocross, TM wisecracking, and suppressors (Vans called these activities “Core Sports “; see Figure A for a description of each sport). Vans had financed the Dogtrot film at the request of one of its sponsored athletes, skateboarding pioneer Stacy Parietal.

Now, as Condescend looked over the crowd, he could not help but feel a sense f satisfaction. After seven years at Vans, Condescend had managed to turn the company around, revitalization the brand and transforming Vans into a $350 million business (see Exhibits 1 through 3 for additional financial information). In a market in which the customers were notoriously fickle and few brands ever topped $100 million in annual sales, this was quite an accomplishment. At the same time, Condescend was keenly aware of how fleeting success could be.

Exactly 20 years before, the company had gotten a big boost from another movie, a cult classic called Fast Times at Ridgepole High. Eager to capitalize on the increased demand for its products, Vans had expanded too rapidly and had ended up in bankruptcy. While Condescend was determined not to repeat the mistakes of the past, he felt strongly that Vans was at a crossroads: believe that at $350 million, we’re not maxed out. Look at Nikkei as a $9 billion brand. Can we be 10% of what Nikkei is? Yes, that doesn’t feel uncomfortable to me.

On the other hand, I’m not running the business to become a $1 billion company. We’ve got to proceed incrementally, so as not to alienate our core customer base. Senior Researcher David Akron of the Global Research Group prepared this case under the supervision of Professor Younger Moon. Authors give thanks to Research Associate Brenda Change for her assistance. HOBS cases are developed solely as the basis for class discussion. Cases are not intended to serve as endorsements, sources of primary’ data, or illustrations of effective or ineffective management.

Copyright @ 2002 President and Fellows of Harvard College. To order copies or request permission to reproduce materials, call 1-800-545-7685, write Harvard Business School Publishing Boston, MA 02163, or go to http:// www. Hobs. Harvard. Du. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, used in a spreadsheet, or transmitted in any form or by any means?electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise?without the permission of Harvard Business School. 502-077 Already, Condescend had broadened Vans’ product assortment and expanded its distribution system.

The company now sold everything from women’s sandals to outdoor hiking shoes, in retail outlets ranging from company- owned stores to mass-market chains such as Foot Locker and J. C. Penny. The company was also involved in a number of entertainment-related ventures: In addition to financing Dogtrot, Vans operated a snowboarding camp in Oregon, it licensed content to videotape developers for Microsoft’s Oxbow and Sonny’s Palpitations, and it was in the process of starting a record label. Condescend commented: The biggest question I’m dealing with today is how to drive that next stage of growth.

Which product categories should we participate in? Which distribution channels should we be in? Know that lots of shoe industry people are wondering, why is Vans getting involved with movies, with record labels, with videotapes? But what they don’t realize is that our vision is to integrate ourselves into the places our customers are most likely to be. Figure A Vans’ Core Sports Us riffing The sport of riding the surf on a surfboard. Wisecracking A short, broad water ski ridden like a surfboard by a person towed by a motorboat.

Skateboards Eng A short board mounted on small wheels Motocross A closed-course motorcycle race over rough terrain. Snowboarding A board-like wide ski ridden in a surfing position downhill over snow. BMW Abbreviation for bicycle motocross. A cross-country bicycle race over rough terrain. Source: Vans; caseworker research. 2 Us process An indoor version of autocross. The Early Days Paul Van Doreen launched Vans in 1966 with his brother James and two partners. Steeped in the techniques of footwear manufacturing, 1 Van Doreen set out to make the most durable and affordable casual deck shoe in the market.

The result was a rubber-soled shoe that was reinforced with clay and was twice as thick as those produced by the competition. The upper canvas was double-stitched, and the entire shoe was washable. At prices ranging from $2. 49 to $4. 99 a pair, Vans shoes were, according to one industry observer, “built like a battleship. “2 unlike other shoe manufacturers, Vans old its sneakers directly to consumers out of its own retail store in Anaheim, California. At the time, industry insiders derided the unconventional business model because “nobody had a store that sold only sneakers. The skepticism didn’t dissuade Van Doreen, however, who opened his second, then his third, and then his fourth retail outlet within months. Source: Vans. Promoting the stores was strictly a grassroots affair, managed almost entirely by Van Doreen with the aid of his children. Van Dodder’s son Steve recalled, “When a new store was ready to open, my dad would give me a bunch of flyers to pass out after school. The family was always involved that way. ” Steve also recalled how the senior Van Doreen acquired customers?”one surfer at a time”: I remember there was a surfing competition once, down near Costa Mesa where we grew up.

My dad, who was not a surfer, headed down to the beach to show the surfers our shoes. He walked straight up to this really famous Hawaiian surfer, Duke Kinkajou, and said, “Hey Duke, I like your shirt. Why don’t you let me make you a pair of shoes that match that shirt? All I need is some material to match it. ” Duke grinned, turned to his buddy?who was wearing an identical shirt?and made him take his shirt off ND give it to my dad. My dad took the shirt, used the material to make the shoes, and delivered them to Duke the next day.

That’s how we did business at Vans back then. Surfers were not the only ones who enjoyed customized Vans. Because manufacturing was done in-house, customers could choose from a “Basking Robbins-like”3 assortment of more than 50 fabrics and colors. Steve Van Doreen?who more than 30 years later was still promoting Vans products, albeit in a more official capacity as vice president of promotions?explained: From the beginning, you could choose your own canvas fabric and color. NO one else could do this because nobody else had his own factory.

The kids would come in and they’d say, “Oh, I want green on this side, yellow on this side, blue on this side, make the tongue checkered… ” Or if one foot was a seven and the other was a nine, we’d accommodate that too, for a dollar extra. By making only the shoes people wanted, we were able to avoid the inventory problems that afflicted other footwear companies. “At one point,” Van Doreen continued, “every school in Southern California, the cheerleaders, the drill teams and the marching bands, they were all wearing our shoes. We were the only company that could match the school colors. Vans was also a favorite of hard-to-fit customers, who required 1 Prior to launching Vans, Van Doreen worked for 25 years at the nation’s third largest footwear manufacturer, Massachusetts- based Randolph Shoe Company. 2 Deed Leibniz, ‘The ultimate Trendier Sari Ritual’s Job Is To Figure Out What Teenagers Will Embrace Next As A Fashion Statement For The Feet. This Is No Joke. This Is Risky Business,” Los Angles Times, December 8, 1996. 3 Basking Robbins was a popular ice cream store chain in the United States known for its wide assortment of flavors. Non-standard widths and lengths.

As a result, by the end of the sass, the canvas, easy-to-wash shoes had developed a small but loyal following among the Southern California surf set. Dogtrot and the Birth of the Z-Boys The sass ushered in a wave of anti-establishment, anti-Vietnam, anti-war sentiment among American youth. It was within this context that?in a depressed area of Santa Monica, California (a place dubbed “Dogtrot” by its inhabitants)?a talented group of disenfranchised teenagers began creating a new style of skateboarding that ultimately ended up redefining the sport.

This group of self-described misfits (the “Z-Boys”) took pride in pushing the limits of conventional skateboards MGM, becoming the first to replicate complex surfing moves on asphalt park embankments and the upper lips of empty swimming pools. (See Figure B. ) Figure B The Z-Boys in Action For these skateboarding rebels, Vans quickly became the sneaker of choice. The balkanized rubber “waffle” soles were ideal for maintaining a solid grip on the skateboard, and the doublethink’s canvas was perfect for withstanding the wear and tear associated with the reckless sport.

Tony Hawk, a skateboarding icon who grew up dolling the Z-Boys, recalled, “l would climb walls in them, [the shoes] were so grippe. ” In addition, the price was right. Glen Friedman, who grew up skating with the Z-Boys, put it simply: “We wore Vans because they were seven bucks, end of story. “4 In 1 975, the Z-Boys dominated the first national skate competition in Del Mar, California, wearing matching blue Vans deck shoes and T-shirts emblazoned with their team name, Zephyr. Their innovative moves overwhelmed both competitors and judges, who had no categories for judging their style.

In the rods of Zephyr member Tony Alva, it was clear “we were a step above. “5 Word quickly spread, and skaters around the country began emulating Z-Boy skating techniques. A number of skateboarding magazines were launched, and dozens of outdoor skaters began opening all over North America. Skateboarding was on the verge of becoming a $400 million 4 Maureen Attack, “Nikkei nips at skate-shoe icon Vans as extreme becomes mainstream,” The Wall Street Journal, April 24, 2002, p. 1. 5 G. Beat, “The Lords of Dogtrot,” Spin Magazine, March 1999. Business,6 and Vans?whose sales had risen rapidly?appeared to be ideally sectioned to take advantage of its close affiliation with the radical sport. Just as quickly, however, the market began to decline. By decade’s end, the infatuation with skateboarding had been replaced by a fascination with other alternative sports (such as BMW riding), dozens of skaters had closed as a result of the skyrocketing cost of liability insurance, and skateboard manufacturers had suffered tremendous losses.

According to one skateboarding historian, by the end of 1 980, “skateboarding [had] died. “7 That same year, Paul Van Doreen turned the company over to his brother James. Top sys -Tu raw The ensuing eight years were turbulent for Vans. In 1982, a youth-oriented movie called Fast Times at Ridgepole High featured a teenage surfer dude named Jeff Spicily (played by actor Sean Penn) hitting himself on the head with a pair of black-and-white checkerboard Vans slip-ions. The movie catapulted Vans back onto the national scene, creating virtually insatiable demand for its shoes.

James Van Doreen responded by broadening Vans’ product mix in an effort to grab share from Nikkei and Rebook in the (then) rapidly expanding athletic shoe market. Soon, Vans was producing shoes for baseball, football, soccer, settable, wrestling boxing, and even umpiring. But the move backfired: High production costs at its California-based factory, strong competition from mainstream brands, and an unreceptive market led first to debt, and in 1984, to bankruptcy. Paul Van Doreen returned to revivalist the company. ‘We just put it back on the same road,” he explained. “To hell with fashion trends. 8 Things started to look up again, as Paul managed to get the company out of debt, pay back 100 cents on every dollar owed, and then sell the company in 1988 to a private equity firm, Moocow, Del_ewe Co. The reallocates ride continued into the early ass, however, when a variety of factors thwarted Vans’ struggle for growth. A deep recession hit the nation in 1991; the Gulf War followed in 1992. Oil shortages led to higher rubber costs, which led to higher shoe prices and lower margins. Meanwhile, “grunge” fashion trends and “urban chic” replaced the surf-and-sun look.

By the mid-ass, the company had closed one of its two factories, had laid off 1 ,OHO workers, and had replaced a number of its company-owned stores with off- price outlets to move SIS million of slow-moving inventory. 9 In short, the little currency of “cool” no longer favored Vans. 6 G. Beat (1999). 7 Michael Brooke, The Concrete Wave: The History of Skateboarding (Toronto, ON: Warwick Publishing, 2001 8 Leibniz (1996). 9 Kelly Barron, ‘Vans–No Loafing’: The Orange Company must restore its image and a series of financial and management upheavals,” The orange county Register, June 11, 1995. The Turnaround In 1 995, Gary Condescend took over operations at Vans; two years later he assumed the mantle of CEO. One of Snowfield’s first moves was to close Vans’ remaining factory, effectively eliminating the company’s manufacturing vision. He explained: For more than 25 years, Vans’ competitive advantage was its U. S. Manufacturing with a cycle time of 19 days from receipt of order to completion of finished goods. Yet by the imides, anyone could go to Asia and make stuff cheaper and with a far greater range of styling. There were no barriers to entry.

Fortunately, the brand was strong. When you mentioned Vans to people, they knew what the name meant: young, fun, Southern California, beaches, skateboarding, and surfing. So our point of difference was going to be our heritage, our connection to this new generation of sports, he kids who played them, and their lifestyles. In the late-ass, it was estimated that about 25 million Americans, mostly between the ages of 6 and 24, participated in some kind of alternative sport. This number included an estimated 7. 8 million skateboarders, 4. 7 million snowboarders, 2. Million washboards, and 3. 7 million BMW bikers-10 “Extreme sports” were believed to be more popular among boys aged 12 to 15 than Major League Baseball or the National Hockey League, 11 and more teenage males watched the X- Games on ESP. than the Superpower. 12 Vans’ customer base included both hardcore enthusiasts as well as occasional athletes. The former tended to spend hours of their free time practicing their sport, while the latter tended to exhibit a broader range of interests. By far, the most popular of Vans’ core sports was skateboarding.

The average Vans customer was a white, skateboarding male between 12 and 18 years of age who lived with his parents in the suburbs. His interests typically included punk or hip-hop music and videotapes, and he most likely held skateboarder Tony Hawk in much higher esteem than Michael Jordan. 1 3 Condescend believed that the company’s key challenge Was maintaining a legislations with these unpredictable, fashion-conscious kids, so he actively solicited input from his young staff members (many of whom were skateboarding aficionados) to figure out a way to reach this youthful demographic: One of my most important jobs was to listen.

We have lots of people within the company who are part of the lifestyle… They live it, embrace it, lead it. They were the experts, not me. I never pretended to be the target customer. So I spent a lot of time sitting with athletes, talking with Steve Van Doreen and a number of young people in the company who were passionate about core sports. Some of these discussions involved debates about which sports could “legitimately’ be considered “hardcore. In recent years, a number of alternative sports?including snowboarding, BMW bike riding, rollerblading, and so on?had grown in popularity, and it was not clear which of TM these should be included under Vans’ “Core Sports ” umbrella. As Condescend remembered, “We considered each of these sports very seriously. Over time, we decided to officially add five sports 10 American Sports Data, Inc. , based on 1999 estimates. 11 Teenage Research Unlimited. 12 Based on a Guide report (June 1998), John J. Channel and Paula Islands, “Vans, Inc. Wells Fargo Van Gasper, February 8, 2001. 13 Based on a survey by Alloy Inc. , cited in Attack (2002), p. 1. 6 [see Figure A], but we also rejected a number of sports?like rollerblading and skiing?that we didn’t believe were consistent with our message. ” More generally, Snowfield’s in-house listening sessions led to the development of a revamped marketing approach. The centerpiece of the new approach was the sponsorship of a number of carefully-selected, alternative sporting events and related forms of entertainment.

As Condescend put it: Our goal was to create a proprietary branding platform that would build on our unique heritage and give us a long-term leadership position. We always knew a Nikkei or Rebook could outspend us, so we focused on furthering the authenticity of our brand and connection to the lifestyle associated with core The Promotional Mix Triple Crown Series One of the first events that Vans sponsored emerged Out Of a suggestion from Steve Van Doreen who, as vice president of promotions, spent much of his time cultivating personal relationships with prominent skateboarders.

Van Doreen suggested that Vans create a world championship of skateboarding as a mechanism for recognizing skateboarding elite. The inaugural event was a humble affair?nothing more than a couple of ramps set up in a parking lot in Newport Beach, California?but the response “from the street” was astonishing: Over 1 0,000 kids jammed into the parking lot to witness the two- day competition. Van Doreen marveled, “ESP. ended up airing the event 8 to 10 times and we got tons of magazine exposure, which meant we spent a paltry $50,000 for publicity worth 7-figures!

At that point, we knew we were on to something. ” The following year (1998), the company recast the competition as the “Triple Crown of Skateboarding. ” This time, the competition consisted of three efferent events (street skating, bowl riding and vertical ramp riding) designed to reflect the various specialties of the top professional skateboarders in the world. Around the same time, Condescend learned that the owner of a Habituated competition called the “Triple Crown of Surfing” was retiring and was willing to sell Vans the rights.

Condescend recalled, Once we owned both the Triple Crown of Skateboarding and the Triple Crown of Surfing, a light bulb went on in our heads and we said, “Why don’t we create the Vans Triple Crown Series? ‘ We then added two more sports [snowboarding and wisecracking], along with a couple more sponsors. The final Step was taking the extravaganza to ESP. and convincing them to televise it. By 2000, the Triple Crown Series had become so big that NBC outbid ESP. for television rights.

Two years later, the competition had grown to include seven alternative sports and 21 events, and a number of major sponsors (including Ford, Mountain Dew and Microsoft) had become involved. Moreover, the competition had become a global attraction?Triple Crown Champions hailed from several continents, including North America, South America, and Europe. (See Exhibit 4 for Triple Crown Series attendance data. ) Vans Warped Tour In 1 996, Vans signed on as one of the sponsors of the Warped Tour, a series of concerts that traveled to various cities, showcasing up-and-coming punk, hip-hop, and hard rock bands.

Condescend explained: The philosophy behind the Warped Tour was to feature acts like Blink 182 and Green Day before they hit it big. It was a very grassroots, low-priced, kind of music event that fit well with our image. Most of the kids who attended the Warped Tour were between 13 and 20 years old; they spent their day wandering between six different stages featuring dozens of smaller bands. The approach was totally different from other concert tours like Lithe Fair and Allophone, which focused on well-known acts.

When we got involved, we added things like a “reverse daycare center,” where parents could hang out while their kids had fun. It was at this point that my father had an idea. He suggested that, since our Triple Crown Series was really for professional athletes, we should create some kind of amateur event, where kids around the country could compete for a chance to become the Amateur Champion of Skateboarding. Steve Van Doreen took the suggestion a step further by reposing that we combine the amateur competition with the Warped Tour.

KFC Adapted Their Traditional Structure Of Their Outlets essay

KEF also take great pride in serving each other to become the best service provider in worldwide. Moreover, Question 2 Organization structure KEF adapted their traditional structure of their outlets that other food chains following. There is one general manager, the outlet is leaded by the manager and assisted by two assistant managers, and one shift in change supervises the performance of counter workers and kitchen workers. Question 3 An organization structure describes the position of employees in that organization.

There are typically two type Of chain command that is straight and upright. The above organizational chart is an upright chain of command. The information flows from highest to lowest which makes the organization easier to control due to a constricted distance of control and it rarely exceeds eight steps. This organization table has its benefits which are every position has one employee under them which makes easier communication among them. Besides that, responsibility is clear and accurate since the higher level has more power over the lowers one.

The Straight structure is like an old army vie, people from the highest have higher position power than the lower one. In contrast, the higher level may feel that they have higher authority than others, this structure encourages employees in a unique way, and employees will try to be harder working and more prepared to achieve targeted objectives, instead of getting along with other workers. Disadvantages Because of several layers on the organization chart, decision and action will be slow if traveling from highest to lowest management which make the organization faster and different decision.

And lower level employees will feel sees appreciated than the upper level which less motivates them in term Of their work and attitude. Besides that, the upright level of a chain command, a lower level employee cannot work well in their work they will tend to please their higher level which eventually will slow the organization effectiveness and efficiency. Moreover, the upright structure also damage relationship among peers, people wills just follow scheduled and rules and tasks instead organizing together for specific tasks.

People will try to get higher positions and “back stabbing” people to get in their way of getting earning more profit ND subsequently prevent intuition and less innovation and involvement from workers. In contrast, straight chain of command, people will enjoy more collaboration and teamwork and happy to see each other often leads to higher and greater input into workings and making decisions, because they know what they do will eventually affecting the image of their peers.

Moreover, workers are held to meeting performance standards within their respective groups without as many rules coming from upper-level positions. And more a straight structure can have greater productivity and more lotions across the board because employees are motivated to work together to develop systems and solutions that bring results and eventually benefit to the company as a whole. Question 4 Corporate Social Responsibility (CARS) refers to the responsibility of the creativity in its business operations with respect to its stakeholders meet.

The idea of corporate social responsibility is based on the idea of business operations must comply with the sustainable progress of enterprises, in addition to considering their own financial and operating conditions; they eve to join the consideration of their social and natural environment caused by impacts. Refers to all the interested parties can affect, or are affected by corporate decisions and actions of individuals or groups, including: employees, customers, suppliers, community groups, parent or subsidiary companies, partners, investors and shareholders.

Corporation must develop two side, which is economic side and social side. CARS into four parts, consequently, KEF should not only have the economic responsibility and legal responsibility, but also they have the concern on the ethical and philanthropic sides. The main point for this concept KEF has to take all the four parts responsibilities to the social, not only economic responsibility which is the most fundamental responsibility. As economic responsibility, KEF was created as economic objects designed to provide goods and services that customers needed.

The primary motivation for the corporation is to maximum profit for the shareholder. Therefore, the principle role for the corporation was to produce goods and services that customers needed and wanted and to make a proper profit during the business. It is the basic goal for the KEF. In their financial report for 009, CUFF’S global sales income raises from $7394 in 2007 to $8230 in 2009, three years development was three per cent. Overall, KEF is pleased with the economic responsibility by raises the profit in three years.

For my observation, KEF have increased the food selling price, for examples, in Malaysia, the selling price of each meal was increases from ten ringing to fifteen ringing. There is no questioning that this price policy will increased the total profit as well. Even though KEF claimed that they will offer customers better service, it cannot depend on the increased the selling price to increase heir profit. As Legal responsibility, company run the business according to the profit motive, at the same time, business also have to follow the laws and guidelines announce by local government.

Legal responsibility reflects a view of “codified ethics”, which are endorsed by local courts, such as wages and salary, working hours, food safety, and equal opportunity and so on. KEF have to follow the standards and legal requirements. Based on the employment standard, KEF announced on the website, employment practice including non- discrimination, working hours & conditions, child labor, forced and indentured labor and notification to employees. As Ethical responsibility, KEF is going to improving the operations particularly around product availability and speed of service.

KEF have energetic raised their game by more invasion pushing for higher standards by capitalizing in more franchise field support, increasing operational audits and racking and stacking operating performance of both company and franchise stores. During the placement year, KEF is better prepared to offer the consumer more choice, better value and better service, but KEF still have more to do. The goal of KEF is to stay focused on building the business back he right way and assume steady progress. KEF also should take environmental safety as important as food quality and customer service.

As Philanthropic responsibility, KEF takes the issues of litter very seriously. KEF is resolute to attempting the litter challenge through a number of creativities such as litter patrols, packaging reductions, and bins. KEF sent out patrols ever say to pick up litter and empty bins, these patrols go out four times a day in the summer months and three times a day in the winter months, and to make sure the area environment the restaurant are as clean as possible. KEF have the donate box in all restaurant, we can donate the extra change to that box.

KEF LIKE raised more than Error which helped fund a school food project in Africa last year. Question 5 In the textbook in Western countries, usually referred to as crisis communications management crisis management, because to reinforce communication with the public disclosure of information for the publics understanding and support is the basic counter measure crisis management. Crisis management is a business planning decisions to respond to crises situations conducted forces at work, handling and staff training to resolve active process, which aims to remove or reduce the threat posed by the crisis and loss.

Crisis management can generally be divided into two parts: before the crisis is expected to emergency aftermath management and crisis prevention management post. Crisis management is a specialized management science, it was meant to link to sudden crisis, resist sudden tragedy incident, as far as possible damage to bottom out and the prior formation of prevention, treatment systems and the corresponding measures.

For an enterprise, the enterprise can be called a crisis of the matter is that when faced with a public or corporate customer are closely elated and serious penalties of a major accident, and in order to cope with the crisis in the pre-established enterprise prevention and treatment of these major Accident institutional and measures, is called corporate crisis management. On June 1 1, 201 1, Kentucky Fried Chicken (KEF) Malaysia was faced with a potential social media crisis when videos of food tampering by their kitchen staff started socializing on the Internet.

As part of its crisis response strategy, KEF Malaysia established a page on its Backbone wall to tell its side of the story and restore consumer confidence. Like many other crisis communication experts, I attribute KEF Malaysia’s success in avoiding a crisis to its timely, open, truthful, Internet present and broadly communicated crisis communication plan – what I have called the 5 crucial elements of a crisis communication plan.

This approached successfully enabled KEF Malaysia to snatch the information initiative and effectively frame the crisis as the action of a single rogue employee. Additionally, by responding via social media, KEF Malaysia also ensured that their response was on the same platform as the video. KEF Malaysia acted quickly. The team launched a Backbone tab which contains two new Youth videos addressing the problem, and set up a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section to anticipate questions that anyone might have. In one video, En.

Hiv paper essay

Good morning class, my name is Aim Combs and today I will be informing you on the history, prevention, and living with HIVE/AIDS. A common misconception about HIVE and AIDS is that they are the same thing. WRONG! HIVE is a virus that could lead to an infection while AIDS is a condition brought about by HIVE which many people do not survive. You can have HIVE without having AIDS but if you have AIDS then you have HIVE as well. The aim of this paper is to help you all better see the signs and protect yourself. Although there are millions of cases f HIVE every year a cure has yet to be found.

According to WAITED: A very short introduction by Alan Whites, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, also known as HIVE, began to spread rapidly during the sass’s. After identifying the disease scientists could not pin point what exactly was causing it, how it spread, or which treatments were most effective. HIVE/AIDS has become a controversial medical, political, and social concern. HIVE and AIDS: A Global View written by Karen Macerate states that is has been suggested that the govern meet was slow to recognize and adapt to the growing epidemic, public ND private agencies and institutions have achieved considerable success.

Even though there has not been vaccine to prevent the HIVE infection or a cure for AIDS there are a few important ways you can protect yourself from coming in contact with either one of these diseases. First thing you can do is use a new condom every time you have sex, especially if you don’t know the HIVE status of your sexual partner. Next step is to NEVER share needles with people because HIVE is commonly shared through blood. The final step to consider is male circumcision. It has been proven to help reduce a male’s risk f acquiring HIVE.

Evaluating Truth And Validity Exercise essay

To say that you can’t get a credit card because you are not 21 is stating that you aren’t considered to be responsible until that age. I also feel to have a credit card; it should be mandatory to have taken a class in managing money. Just like taking a drivers education course is required to category drivers license, or like reading, math, and science are required in school. I feel it is just as important for students earlier in life to have completed a course in consumer education. In revising my argument, would have to say now, “The credit art habit promotes careless spending.

Therefore, credit card companies should not be permitted to issue credit cards to anyone under the age of 18 and who have not completed and passed their consumer education coursework. ” There are so many people still today who do not know how to properly use a credit card. They are just swiping and enjoying their products and/or goods purchased, not thinking how they will repay their debt. Then before they know it they can’t afford to pay off their credit cards and end up ruining their credit and possibly filing bankruptcy to get out of it…. A hard Essen to learn.

The second argument I chose was, “It’s ridiculous to think that there will be fewer deaths if we ban handguns. Handguns don’t kill people; people kill people. ” After examining my argument, I find that this slogan, “guns don’t kill people, people kill people,” says it all. Shootings do not simply happen from the gun itself, but the person behind the gun. By creating stricter gun laws, I feel it will restrict those who obey the law and would increase crimes. Criminals don’t follow the law any way, so what makes everyone think gun laws will change the way things are? I also feel

Terrorism in this country would also increase with no safety protection of carrying a handgun. If anything, it will cause people to rebel and banning handguns is a violation of every United States citizen’s second amendment “The Right to Bear Arms”. I feel the government should focus on not banning handguns altogether, but to analyze the people with guns. They should be finding out if handgun owners have a mental illness, and/or if they have been uneducated on the safety of gun use. All handgun owners should also have responsibility in making sure the proper steps are made to secure he safety of everyone around them, including themselves.

In closing this argument, I feel it is still ultimately the person holding the gun that kills someone and not the gun itself. The slogan ” handguns don’t kill people, people kill people” is correct. TO think that banning handguns in the United States will lower the death toll is ridiculous. Banning handguns will jeopardize those who are protected. Criminals and also terrorists will then have easier access to their targets knowing handguns have been banned and death tolls will increase even more. The final argument that I chose was, “If the Social Security system is further weakened, the elderly will have to fear poverty.

Therefore, if the Social Security system is not further weakened, the elderly will not have to fear poverty. ” After examining this argument, I find this argument about Social Security to be true. The Social Security system is our nation’s most effective anti-poverty program. The program lifts many of our elderly above the poverty line. According to the Committee on the Budget, about one-third of the elderly receive 90% or more of their income room Social Security; two-thirds receive half or more of their income from the program. If the Social Security program is not changed then the benefits will run out within twenty years.

Many Americans are living longer than twenty years beyond the time that they retire or reach the age to receive their benefits. Another reason the changes are necessary is that some feel that we are taking away from young and future generations and using it to take care of the elderly. With changing the Social Security program what would happen is that many of the elderly would be forced to live in poverty. Many elderly depend on these benefits to prove food, shelter, and clothing not only for themselves, but also many times for their family.

According to Nancy Alton, the co-director of Social Security Works “says Social Security isn’t just about older Americans”. Many children receive and depend on the Social Security benefits. In some families the primary source of income is from Social Security weather it is because the children are being raised by their grandparents do to the lose of parents or the parents are no longer able to After further review I feel the only change that should be made is work. Hat when it comes to the national budget Social Security should not be part of the process.

Senario One essay

Discharges at the Anderson Cost Club Store Cost Club’s Anderson store is located in a right-to-work state, therefore the general manager does not have to provide a reason for the termination of the employees that he discharged as part of his downsizing initiatives. Although the downsizing is legally acceptable and does not violate the WARN Act for mass layoffs, according to the information presented, the general manager should make sure that he has the proper documentation on file to support the need to downsize since he stated downsizing as the reason for the termination. Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007) Since all of the information presented supports the fact that the employees that were terminated were in good standing the general manager should address the following issues in order to prevent the possibility of costly litigation due to a charge of wrongful discharge or breech of covenant of good faith and fair dealing: The terminated employees should have received an explanation as to the reasons behind the downsizing decisions that were made, especially if there were other employees of similar standing and tenure who could have been eligible for downsizing.

The employees should be made fully aware of their rights. Message 2: Regional CEO Looks to Reduce Employee Costs In order for the Regional CEO to make the right decisions regarding the types of workers that Cost Club should employ he or she must first understand the difference between the types Of workers. Employees are given power to do certain things on behalf of the employer. The employer controls the methods, details, work location, work hours, and other factors related to the employment of the agent or employee. Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007) Independent contractors are individuals or outside companies who contract with an organization, in this case Cost Club, to reform a task according to his or her own methods. The independent contractor is not under the organization’s control regarding the physical details of the work. (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007) A contingent worker is one whose employment with the organization is temporary, sporadic, or differs from what could be considered a normal full-time position.

Contingent workers include individuals who are hired by a staffing agency, temporary, seasonal, part-time workers and independent contractors. Temporary employees are contingent workers since their position is not guaranteed and is limited in time. Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007) It is important to make sure that the classifications of all groups of employees, are accurate. Mistakes made during the classification process could result in the company being held liable for associated taxes, penalties, and benefits.

If a worker is misclassified, that may provide or strip the company of protections under the employment laws; giving the employee the ability to sue for wrongful termination if there is an elimination of their position. To reduce costs, it would be in Cost Club’s best interest to use contingent workers or independent contractors instead of employees cause contingent workers will allow Cost Club to realize staff cost savings, staff flexibility, instant staff, termination without severance costs, and lower benefits costs.

The current workforce could be restructured from full-time employees to part-time employees, this would allow Cost Club to retain a trained workforce while providing staff cost savings for the company. Message 3: Safety Manager’s Concerns about Injury and Damage The safety manager has some valid concerns with the issues that he or she has outlined. Will address each one in detail below: An employee slaps a customer – Assault is a personal act that is committed as a result of a person’s feelings or emotions regarding a given situation.

In this case it was the result of the customer’s continuous yelling at the employee. Cost Club had no control over the situation when it occurred. Most courts of law would not hold Cost Club liable for the actions of the employee because those actions are not part of the normal operating practices of the organization. An employee damages a customer’s home – Since the employee was acting on his own behalf and not on the behalf of the company, Cost Club would not be held liable for the damages to the customers home.

The installation took place outside of the employee’s normally scheduled shift with Cost Club and was not a job duty that the employee was hired to perform for the organization. A Real Estate Agent enters into a contract – In this case Cost Club would be liable for the actions Of the real estate agent. The real estate agent was hired by Cost Club with the specific responsibility of acquiring and entering into contracts to purchase real estate for the company. Therefore, the agent was acting on the behalf of Cost Club even though he or she had not obtained the appropriate authorization to enter into this agreement.

Message 4: Resolving Disagreements that Arise in Employment The alternatives that are available to Cost Club for resolving employment disagreements include arbitration, negotiation, conciliation, and mediation. Arbitration is the selection of a neutral or third party to consider a dispute and deliver a binding or nonbinding decision. Arbitration is an acceptable form of dispute resolution for the federal government. Arbitration can be done at any time, in any location, it is a private event, and the decision is enforceable. Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007) Arbitration should be seed for higher level issue like possible discriminatory claims and could be reserved as a last resort before the employee pursues litigation. Negotiation also uses a third party, but the negotiation process is less formal than arbitration and not a binding agreement. Negotiation involves both parties going back and forth until the parties come to an agreement. Negotiation are most beneficial when dealing with lower lever issues like disputes over hours or the methods used for completing work. Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007) Conciliation is the attempt to reach an agreement on a claim through concussion, without resorting to litigation. Communication is passed through a third party. This method is employed when the parties refuse to talk to each other in person. Communication is the key to getting both parties to find a common ground. (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007) Mediation is when both parties want a resolution to the disputer but cannot come together in a meaningful compromise.

Both parties present their positions to the mediator who then composes a compromise that eliminates weak positions and unreasonable demands. Once the mediator completes his or her assessment the compromise is presented for both parties to sign. Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007) All of these methods utilize a third party or neutral party to facilitate the process and are typically less costly than litigation. These methods are usually able to be processed faster and are less public than litigation.

Using these methods allows both parties to retain some control over the resolution process, which makes a win-win scenario possible. It should be said that arbitration is binding whereas negotiation and mediation are not. Also, compromise is a key feature of these alternative methods. Message 5: Legal Implications of Employment-related Processes Performance assessment can be subjective, therefore it is critical to ensure that the selection process allows for unbiased decisions to be made.

The following points will help to ensure an unbiased selection process is in place: It should include standardized, uniform process for all employees in a job classification. It should be formally communicated to all employees. It should provide written documentation Of performance issues and ways to correct them. All employees should be able to see the selection reviews. An appeal process should be in place. Multiple, diverse, and unbiased raters should be used. Clear, written instructions and training should be provided.

Consistent documentation should be used. There should be a system of checks and balances against discriminatory abuses. Since selection process can be subjective, it is important to make sure that the selection system is one that adequately and fairly evaluates performance without having an adverse impact on protected classes. With subjective performance appraisals, there can be disparate impact caused when looking at the number of employees in certain classes or groups and the relative percentage of selected employees from that group (the four-fifths ole).

Discussion Questions essay

Commuting reimbursement covers the employees cost of travel to and from work locations on a regular basis, outside of those times the employee is working. Simply, you get paid to drive to and from the office. Flat rate, mileage reimbursement, per day based on travel distance – level a radius, B radius, etc… Any of that works. Perhaps the company actually provides busing from commuter lots located in towns at 30 mile intervals. Electric buses, none of that gas powered clunky stuff. What do you think employees’ general attitudes are towards the benefits packages?

How can an organization monomaniac the value of a benefits package? Developing an effective benefits package is a challenge during the recession. Pay & Benefits gathered industry leaders together in a bid to address the issues surrounding strategic benefits in an economic downturn. Developing a meaningful benefits package that adds both value and encourages engagement among an organization’s workforce is a challenging task facing compensation and benefit advisers in the current economic climate. How do demographic regions play a role within an employee’s compensation?

What type of data old be needed to determine an employee’s compensation? Explain your answer. For government jobs, there is a base pay based on the grade, and then additional compensation based on each step within the grade. Then the pay value has a multiplier based on the cost of living in the area as compared to the national average. So someone in a more expensive city will have a higher multiplier. For non-government jobs, companies generally pay as little as they can while still getting qualified employees.

In areas where the cost few living is higher, market forces cause the pay to be higher as people will not accept the lower paying jobs. When determining an employee’s compensation package, what is more important: work experience or education? Provide an example that supports your choice and a rationale that validates your position. This question is almost as important to figure out as which came first the chicken or the egg. Of course there is a debate about both, LOL. But I feel that they are both vital to the overall work performance of the individual. And this would be different for each company and situation.

Some organizations that have very specific qualifications, licensing, etc have a set education requirement they need to meet. For example, a RAN for a specific shift at the hospital the education requirement could be met; however the experience might not be met, so a lower employee compensation package could be offered. Or the RAN might choose to work per diem to obtain experience. I tend to feel that a few years ago, like in the sass’s and prior not all people went on to college for a degree. They might have gone on for a specialized career, but many people graduated high school and joined the workforce.