Knowledge Check Study Guide essay

It focuses primarily on the malfunctioning in the environment rather than the individual. C. It emphasizes that illnesses have an organic basis. D. It focuses on the strengths of the client and not on problems. Correct: The Correct Answer is: C. The medical model is influenced by the medical profession. This model focuses on the organic basis Of illnesses which can be cured by medical intervention. 2. Nathan is a professional helper. He is qualified to evaluate symptoms, diagnose illnesses, and come up with a treatment plan to cure the illnesses. Nathan also focuses on the organic causes of diseases.

Identify the model of service delivery that Nathan uses. A. The medical model B. The social service model C. The human service model D. The environment model The Correct Answer is: A. Focuses on the organic basis of illnesses, which can be cured by medical intervention. Four important factors of the medical model are symptom, diagnosis, treatment, and cure. 3. Which is the correct statement about the history Of the medical model? A. Until the 18th century, only electric shock therapy was used for the treatment of mental illnesses. B. The psychoanalytic method completely replaced the medical model in the late 19th century. C.

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The psychoanalytic method involved the use of psychotropic drugs. D. Psychiatry began to be known as a discipline at the end of the 1 8th century. The Correct Answer is: D. Psychiatry developed as a discipline at the end of the 1 8th century when Philippe Pineal took over as the Head of the Hospice De Bickerer and then of Slipperier?two mental institutions in France. Philippe Pineal introduced the medical model into the treatment of individuals with mental illnesses. Concept: The public health model 4. Select the true statement about the public health model. A. It is not multidisciplinary. B. It is not linked to the medical model.

C. It does not focus on prevention like the medical model. D. It is not independent of societal factors. The public health model recognizes that individuals’ problems may have a link with social problems. The model emphasizes that a problem can have many causes and seeks to identify those causes by gathering information from people. 5. Gabrielle is a professional helper at a large organization. Her efforts and those of her colleagues are focused on the welfare of large groups of people. They understand that a problem has various causes and that social factors and the well-being of individuals are connected.

Most of their efforts are also focused on the prevention of illnesses and ailments. Which model of delivery is described here? A. The psychoanalytic model B. The public health model C. The human services model D. The physiological model The Correct Answer is: B. The public health model aims to improve the present and the future quality of life and to alleviate health problems. The model also emphasizes the prevention of health problems. 6. In 1 850, Lempel Shattuck prepared a report on the need for improved sanitation and disease control in Massachusetts, considered to be most influential in the history of the public health system.

What did this report recommend? A. The development of state mental health facilities B. The creation of state and local boards of health C. An increase in recruitment efforts for nurses for the armed forces D. The improvement of medical facilities in army camps Lempel Shattuck prepared a report on the need for improved sanitation and disease control in Massachusetts which is considered the most farsighted and influential in the history of public health system. The report declared the need for improved sanitation and disease control and the creation of state and local boards of health.

Concept: The human service model . Identify the characteristic of the human service model. A. It focuses on the deficits and weakness of an individual rather than on strengths. B. It views individuals as patients. C. It uses problem solving as the fundamental approach to treatment. D. It views all problems as arising from physiological conditions. The human service model uses problem solving as the fundamental approach to treatment. It emphasizes the importance of correctly identifying the problems and capitalizing on the strengths of the clients to solve them. 8.

Halley is a psychologist whose efforts are aimed at helping her clients identify ND solve their problems. While planning treatment for her clients, Halley takes into account the social and environmental contexts of her clients. She also emphasizes identifying and capitalizing on the strengths of her clients. Which model of service delivery does Halley most likely follow? A. The human service model B. The medical model C. The public health model D. The escalation model 9. What is the theme of the human service model? A. The service should have a future-oriented approach.

B. A specific rather than a generic focus should set the human service model apart. C. The helper takes a person’s environment into account when helping. D. All the decisions should be taken by the human service professional during the process of helping. The human service model focuses on treating the “whole person. ” This means that the helper should assess the clients situation taking his or her environment into account. Many disciplines will have to be used in order to meet the different needs of the client. Concept: Motivations for choosing a helping profession 10.

What is a likely problem if a person’s motivation for choosing the helping field is a desire for self-exploration? A. The helper can make the client overly dependent. B. The helper may tend to focus less on the clients concerns. C. The helper may fail to relate to the client’s situation. D. The helper may expect all clients to passively follow instructions. A wish to explore oneself can motivate individuals to choose the helping field. This motivation can cause problems as the helper’s desire for self-exploration may come in the way of focusing on the client’s needs. 11.

Beatrice successfully recovered from a psychological trauma in her childhood with the help of a warm and positive psychologist. She has ever since plopped a respect for and a profound interest in the field of helping and is keen to pursue a career in it. What problem is Beatrice most likely to face in her career as a helper with this kind of motivation? A. She may expect all her clients to be responsive and cooperative. B. She is likely to ignore the environment of the clients. C. She may develop a tendency to focus only on the weaknesses of the clients. D. She may expect all her clients to be passive recipients of treatment.

People who have had good experiences of receiving help realize the value of helping and this could become their motivation to choose a helping reversion. One problem associated with this sort of motivation is that the helper may expect all the clients to be as participative and positive as he or she was as a client. 12. Which motivation of the helper for choosing the helping field is most likely to result in the client becoming more dependent on the helper and less participative in the helping process? A. A wish to explore his or her own thoughts and feelings B. A wish to gather knowledge C. A desire to learn about different people D.

A wish to exercise control Helpers who are motivated by a desire to have control over things tend to aka their clients dependent on them. They would be ideal for managerial or administrative roles in the helping field. Concept: Values and characteristics of effective professional helpers Mastery 13. Natalie, a human service professional, is helping a client who is a former pathological gambler. Natalie has never liked people who gamble, but she has learned not to be judgmental about her clients. In her interactions with the client, she avoids criticizing the client and focuses more on how she can help him.

What value of professional helpers is illustrated in this scenario? A. Tolerance B. Volatility C. Individuality D. Authoritativeness Tolerance is the ability that helps human service professionals view their clients in a fair manner without being judgmental about them. Tolerance enables professional helpers focus on what needs to be done next rather than being occupied with the clients’ failures and shortcomings in the past. 14. Pedro, a psychologist, is very careful about the people with whom he shares information about his clients. Pedro has always refused to divulge what the clients share with him to even their family members.

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Knowledge Check Study Guide essay

Week 1 Knowledge Check Study Guide Concepts Mastery Biological development in infancy and childhood score: 18/18 Questions 100% 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Psychological development in infancy and childhood Social development in General systems theory Life-span development, common life events, and normal developmental milestones Important concepts for 16 17 18 understanding human behavior Concept: Biological development in infancy and childhood What term best describes the tendency of an infant to respond on being touched on the lips or cheek by moving his or her head toward the stimulus ND attempting to suckle?

A. The tonic neck reflex B. The rooting reflex C. The Moor reflex D. The Banking reflex Correct: The Correct Answer is: B. The rooting reflex best describes the tendency Of an infant to respond on being touched on the lips or cheek by moving his or her head toward the source of the stimulus and attempting to suckle. Rooting babies generally make sucking motions with their mouths. 2. Identify an accurate statement about fetal development in the second trimester. A. During the second trimester, fatty tissues form beneath the skin of the fetus. B.

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During the second trimester, the fetus develops a regular sleeping pattern. C. During the second trimester, the internal organs of the fetus become fully developed. D. During the second trimester, the fetal brain and nervous system become fully developed. During the second trimester, the fetus develops a regular sleeping pattern. It develops a steady heartbeat and sleeps and wakes at fixed intervals. 3. Sis’s daughter, Emma, cannot walk or run well. She enjoys scribbling with crayons and playing with building blocks, although she can barely stack up three to four blocks at a time.

Emma can also use a spoon and hold a glass using both her hands. She utters meaningless sounds, but she is able to respond to Lisa when Lisa asks her to give her a kiss. According to the developmental milestones that Emma has achieved, what is Enema’s age most likely to be? A. 3 years B. 18 months C. 12 months D. 2 years According to the developmental milestones that Emma has achieved, she is most likely 18 months old. 1 8-month-old infants show an improved ability to feed themselves and have a vocabulary of about three to fifty words.

Concept: Psychological development in infancy and childhood . According to Sigmund Freud, during which phase of psychosocial and personality development does a child seek pleasure through genital stimulation? A. During the oral stage B. During the genital Stage C. During the latency stage D. During the phallic stage The Correct Answer is: D. According to Sigmund Freud, a child seeks pleasure through genital stimulation during the phallic stage of psychosocial and personality development. From ages three to five, children experience different complexes based on gender. . At a birthday party, eight-month-old Jason does not display extreme distress hen his mother, Peyote, steps away to greet a friend. On Peyote’s return, Jason ignores his mother’s efforts to interact with him. In this scenario, what kind of attachment pattern does Jason display, according to Newman & Newman? A. Secure attachment B. Disorganized attachment C. Anxious-avoiding attachment D. Avoiding-resistant attachment The Correct Answer is: C. In this scenario, Jason is displaying an anxious-avoiding attachment pattern, according to Newman & Newman.

Babies exhibiting an anxious-avoiding attachment pattern are less distressed than other babies when separated from their mothers. 6. Identify a difference between fluid and crystallized intelligence. A. Fluid intelligence includes the ability to learn from others; crystallized intelligence does not. B. Fluid intelligence is innate; crystallized intelligence can be developed. C. Fluid intelligence can increase over an individual’s life span; crystallized intelligence remains constant. D. Fluid intelligence includes skills that emphasize verbal communication abilities; crystallized intelligence does not.

A difference between fluid and crystallized intelligence is that fluid intelligence is innate, while crystallized intelligence can be acquired. Fluid intelligence does not have the potential to increase and tends to remain constant throughout an individual’s life span. Concept: Social development in infancy and childhood 7. What kind of learning takes place when a child learns how to wrestle by watching his older siblings fight? A. Negative reinforcement Positive reinforcement B. C. Respondent conditioning D.

Observational learning Modeling or observational learning is the kind of learning that takes place when a child learns how to wrestle by watching his older siblings fight. Modeling takes place through observation, and it can teach children inappropriate behavior as well. 8. Identify a difference between the authoritative and the authoritarian styles of parenting. A. There is evidence that suggests that the authoritative parenting style is a less effective style of parenting, while the authoritarian parenting style is a relatively more effective style of parenting. B.

Authoritative parents emphasize control and conformity, while authoritarian parents do not. C. Authoritative parents involve their children in decision making, while D. The authoritative parenting style is adopted by parents who want to exert absolute control over their children, while the authoritarian parenting style is adopted by parents who are nondestructive. Authoritative parents involve their children in decision making, while authoritarian parents do not. Authoritative parents tend to communicate well with their children, and they share good relations with them. . When Maria goes to pick up her three-year-old daughter, Jade, from Alcove Daycare Center, she decides to sit down for a while and watch Jade play in the nursery. Maria notices that though Jade is attempting to play the same game and is using the same toys as those of the other children in the vicinity, Jade sakes no attempt to talk or interact with them. Based on the information in this scenario, which level of social play is Jade most likely participating in according to Partners different levels of play? A. Parallel play B.

Associative play C. Cooperative play D. Onlooker play The Correct Answer is: A. Based on the information in this scenario, Jade is most likely engaging in parallel play. Parallel play is most likely to become evident by the age of three. Concept: General systems theory 10. Identify an accurate statement about the concept of steady state in the context of the general systems theory. A. It provides a reactive approach for modeling human social behavior. B. It suggests that an individual has no control over the processes leading to a steady State.

C. It assumes that the natural state of all individuals and social organizations is proactive. D. It assumes that all living organisms are intrinsically passive. Steady state assumes that the natural state of all individuals and social organizations is proactive. Homeostasis is a reactive, counter-balancing approach. 11. Tracy, a high school English teacher, has been using the lecture method in most of her classes. Her goal for the new academic year is to make sure that all her students pass the final exam.

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