Key Elements of Writing in Academic Settings essay

Your personal response enriches your reader by identifying how the text affects you and what it means to you. This form of response can also inform your teacher on how you feel or understand the material given. Process Guidelines: Strategies for Writing a Personal Response If help is needed for writing your personal response, reread your notes and study. Follow the procedures you have learned to generate ideas. When you draft and rewrite your essay, remember your observations and personal experiences. Use one of the patterns of development to help you.

Make sure you follow guidelines when rephrasing, quoting or summarizing. Sample Personal Response A student wrote “The Not-So-lead Male” which was a personal response to “Americanization Is Tough on Macho. ” This response stemmed from the idea on what it is like to be “manly. ” Writing a Summary A summary is taking the main ideas of an entire reading and restating those main ideas in your own words. A summary is always shorter than the original. The Purpose of Summarizing Summarizing is an important strategy which gives you a study guide and helps you learn. Process Guidelines: Strategies for Writing a Summary

A Sample Summary Writing a Critical Analysis The Purpose of Critical Analysis Process Guidelines: Strategies for Writing a Critical Analysis A Sample Critical Analysis Writing a Synthesis The Purpose of Synthesis process Guidelines: Strategies for Writing a Synthesis A Sample Synthesis USING THE READINGS IN THIS BOOK AS SOURCES Paraphrasing Summarizing Quoting Integrating Paraphrases, Summaries, and Quotations Avoiding Plagiarism Plagiarism need not be intentional, but is a serious academic offense which occurs through borrowing, downloading, purchasing, or using someone else’s ark and stating that it is your own.

Remember when paraphrasing to rewrite the ideas in your own words. Introduce your summaries with the source. Do not change the meanings and use quotations marks when quoting. WRITING TO LEARN Writing can help you understand, retain, and think about course content. Keeping a Learning Log A learning log is not used for lecture notes but is a journal to write about course content. A learning log helps you better understand and remember important concepts which could include your reflections, a list of Ways, notes, or questions you think of.

Rewriting Lecture Notes and Class Readings in New Ways You can “set” your learning for better retention if you rewrite your notes after class while everything is fresh. Outline your notes and most important details. Put your notes in an outline tree. Summarize and place the material in your own words. Paraphrase to be sure you understand. Using the Idea Generation Strategies Asking specific questions can help you get started in exploring the significance to your concept. Utilize listings to help you remember and write down the important points. Clustering helps you visualize the relationships amongst your ideas.

Freighting should begin with one Of these questions to help explore important ideas: What is the value, why is it important to you, how can you use this idea in other courses? Writing with Your Classmates Meet regularly with two or three classmates to engage in activities. Write questions from your lectures and notes. Trade those questions and give feedback on accurate and inaccurate information. Write a reflection and have one classmate respond and pass it on until everyone has contributed. This activity promotes critical thinking and retention. Writing Explanations and

Definitions for Different Audiences Your audience can be a variety of different readers. To learn how to adapt to each audience, write definitions and explanations which help you learn difficult concepts, vocabulary, and special terms. “Summary of “How to Mark a Book” In “How to Mark a Book,” Adler explains how writing and notating as you read gives you a more efficient and better understanding of what you are reading. Unless you own the book, do not try and make it one of your own by jotting your thoughts within its pages. Define the type of reader you are by the reasons why you own the books you do.

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