Three days later Ergot unveiled an almost identical product. The two companies claim that the similarities are coincidental and occurred because the designers independently reached the same solution to the same robber. The similarities are too fundamental to be mere coincidence, however. The two products not only look alike, but they also work alike. Both are oddly shaped with identically placed control panels with the same types of controls. Both allow the same types of adjustments and the same types of optional enhancements. Find the conclusion (s) 4.
It is well known that many species adapt to their environment, but it is usually assumed that only the most highly evolved species alter their environment in ways that aid their own survival. However, this characteristic is actually quite common. Certain species of plankton, for example, generate a gas that is converted in the atmosphere into particles of sulfate. These particles cause water vapor to condense, thus forming clouds. Indeed, the formation of clouds over the ocean largely depends on the presence of these particles. More cloud cover means more sunlight is reflected, and so the Earth absorbs less heat.
Thus plankton cause the surface of the Earth to be cooler and this benefits the plankton. @ Sandpaper Guppy ? Ivy-GMTA, Grammarian Bangor. 5. Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil. The roots of Leon plants perform less efficiently under the low-oxygen conditions present in rain-soaked soil. When the efficiency of melon roots is impaired, the roots do not supply sufficient amounts of the proper nutrients for the plants to perform photosynthesis at their usual levels. It follows that melon plants have a lower-than-usual rate of photosynthesis when their roots are in rain-soaked soil.
When the photosynthesis of the plants slows, sugar stored in the fruits is drawn off to supply the plants with energy. Therefore, ripe melons harvested after a prolonged period of heavy rain should be less sweet Han other ripe melons. In the argument given, the Ana portions in boldface play which Of the following roles? The first states the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second provides us port for that conclusion. The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second provides evidence that supports an objection to that conclusion. The first provides support for an intermediate conclusion that supports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states that intermediate conclusion. The first serves as an intermediate conclusion that purports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states the position that the argument as a whole opposes. The first states the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second supports the conclusion of the argument. CRY – types of Questions Conclusion / Inference Assumptions Weaken Strengthen Evaluate paradox Boldface Miscellaneous Type 1: Conclusion / Inference 1 .
Which of the following conclusions / assertions / inferences / statements is most strongly supported by the passage? 2. Which of the following must be true as per the passage? 3. Which of the following can be inferred from the . The author is arguing that… 5. The main point of the passage is that 6. Which of the following can complete the passage? 7. Which of the following is an example of the given in How to solve “conclusion” questions? Word Matching and TRANSLATION are the most critical skills. Any statement that is inconsistent with the passage is always wrong. The correct answer MUST be true, not MAY be true. Elimination is the best strategy. Don’t select the correct answer. Eliminate wrong ones. @ Sandpaper Guppy ? II-GMTA, Grammarian Bangor. Choose the correct conclusion or conclusions any number of answers may be right) The minimum voting age for males in district X is 18 years. A. C. D. Every male above 18 can vote in district X. Someone who is not 18 can not vote in district X. A male who is not 18 can not vote in district X. For a male to be eligible to vote in district X, he must be 18 years old. E.
For a male to be eligible to vote in district X, he must be at least 18 years old. (any number Of answers may be right) Every male above 18 is allowed to vote in county X. A. A male who is not 18 can not vote in county X. B. For a male to be eligible to vote in county X, he just be more than 18 years old. C. For a male to be eligible to vote in county X, he D. Males below 18 are not allowed to vote in county X. E. Age is the only criterion by which the eligibility to vote for males is decided in county X. Understanding Conditional “If-then” Consider the following statement: If one plays in the rain, one gets cold.
Now consider which one follows logically from above: 1. If one doesn’t play in the rain, one doesn’t get cold. 2. If one has got cold, one has played in the rain. 3. If one hasn’t got cold, one hasn’t played in the rain. So if X Y then the following conclusions are ring: 2. X (NOT) Y (NOT) Only the following conclusion is right: Y (not) X (not) B. Mystery stories often feature a brilliant detective and the detective’s dull companion. Clues are presented in the story, and the companion wrongly infers an inaccurate solution to the mystery using the same clues that the detective uses to deduce the correct solution.
Thus, the author’s strategy of including the dull companion gives readers a chance to solve the mystery while also diverting them from the correct solution. Which of the following conclusions can be correctly drawn from the passage Most mystery stories feature a brilliant detective who solves the mystery presented in the story. Mystery readers often solve the mystery in a story simply by spotting the mistakes in the reasoning of the detective’s dull companion in that story. Some mystery stories give readers enough clues to infer the correct solution to the mystery.
The actions of the brilliant detective in a mystery story rarely divert readers from the actions of the detective’s dull companion. The detective’s dull companion in a mystery Story generally uncovers the misleading clues that divert readers from the mystery correct solution. Some Modifier Words All 100 some = 1 to 99 or even DID Most = 51 to 99 or even 100 Not all = o to 99 None = O Often = Not defined Many Not defined Much = Not defined 2. Newtonian physics dominated science for over two centuries.
It found consistently successful application, becoming one of the most highly substantiated and accepted theories in the history of science. Nevertheless, Einstein theories came to show the fundamental limits of Newtonian physics and to surpass the Newtonian view in the early 1 9005, giving rise once again to a physics that has so far enjoyed wide success. Which one of the following logically follows from the statements above? A. The history of physics is characterized by a pattern of one successful theory subsequently surpassed by another.
B. Long-standing success or substantiation of a theory of physics is no guarantee that the theory will continue to be dominant indefinitely. C. Every theory of physics, no matter how successful, is eventually surpassed by one that is more successful. D. Once a theory of physics is accepted, it will remain dominant for centuries. E. If a long-accepted theory of physics is surpassed, it must be surpassed by a hurry that is equally successful. 3. People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy.
Their misery makes everyone close to them?family, friends, and colleagues unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy. Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage? A. Only serious problems make people unhappy. B. People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy. C. People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy. D. If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems. E. If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems. . The head baker at Barr-Yes Bagels can either purchase flour in-person from the local flour mill, Lorry’s Local Mill, or order a shipment of flour from an out- of-state mill, Isadora©s Interstate Mill. The cost of the flour from Steadier’s Interstate Mill is 10 percent less than the cost of the flour from Lorry’s Local Mill. Even after shipping and handling fees are added, it is still cheaper to order flour that has to be shipped from Steadier’s than to buy flour locally from Larry. The statements above, if true, best support which of the following assertions?
A. Production costs at Steadier’s Interstate Mill are 10 percent below those at Lair/s Local Mill. B. Buying flour from Steadier’s Interstate Mill will eliminate 10 percent of the local flour mill jobs. C. The shipping and handling fees for a batch of flour purchased from Steadier’s Interstate Mill are less than 10 percent of the cost of an identical batch of flour purchased from Lorry’s Local Mill. D. The shipping and handling fees for a batch of flour purchased from Steadier’s Interstate Mill are more than 10 percent of the cost of Steadier’s lour. E.
Steadier’s Interstate Mill produces flour 10% more efficiently than arrays Local Mill does. Last January, in an attempt to lower the number of traffic fatalities, the state legislature passed its “Click It or Ticket” law. Gender the new law, motorists can be pulled over and ticketed for not wearing their seat belts, even if an additional driving infraction has not been committed. Lawyers and citizens’ groups are already protesting the law, saying it unfairly infringes on the rights of the state’s drivers. Law enforcement groups counter these claims by dating that the new regulations will save countless additional lives.