Answers essay

They are often still conscious while being slaughtered They are often roughly handled and severely injured by the time they make it to slaughter CORRECT They are ensured every means of avoiding fear and stress during the slaughtering process. Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found at 1:44, 2:08, 4:50, 6:25, 9:24, 10:28, and 11 in the video “Meet Your Meat” Question 3. Question : Tom Reagan discusses the concept of indirect duties.

Having only indirect duties towards animals means Student Answer: CORRECT That we have a duty not to harm animals but only because of the harm it might do to unmans That we have no duties regarding animals whatsoever INCORRECT That our duties towards animals are equal to our duties towards humans That we actually have greater duties to animals than to Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 2 of Tom Reggae’s “The Case for Animal Rights” Question 4.

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Question : According to Mill, utilitarian morality holds that: Student Answer: INCORRECT If each individual strives to maximize their own happiness, the happiness of all will follow. Each individual is required to sacrifice their own individual happiness for the happiness of all. CORRECT With the right social arrangements and education, individuals can come to associate their own individual happiness with the happiness of all. Neither the happiness of the individual nor the happiness of all is worth pursuing, since neither is attainable in this life. Answer can be found in John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism, p. 2. Question 5. Question : Tom Reggae’s view of animals is that Student Answer: They are important but not quite as important as human beings CORRECT They have rights, which means that they should never be used for human purposes They may be ethically used because they ere bred and raised for that purpose That they may be eaten because do not have souls like we do and are lower on the food chain Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 1 of Tom Reggae’s ‘The Case for Animal Rights” Question 6. Question Which of the following does Peter Singer assert about the principle of equality?

Student Answer: People should have equal rights because they are factually equal. People with higher abilities, it stands to reason, should have greater rights. INCORRECT Different groups of humans should have equal rights if scientific investigation proves that there are no genetic preferences in their abilities. CORRECT It is a prescription that we should treat people CEQ ally regardless of their differing abilities. Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 2-3 of Peter Singer’s “All Animals are equal 7. Question :According to Tom Reagan, which of the following should compel us to accept the equal rights of animals?

Student Answer: Sentiment – our feelings for the welfare of animals INCORRECT Law ? legal regulations requiring us to respect the rights of animals CORRECT Reason – this theory has the best reasons on its side Religion – the laws of God mandate human compassion Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 4 and 8 of Tom Reggae’s “The Case for Animal Rights” Points Received: O of 1 Comments: Question 8. Question : Utilitarianism is a form of what broader kind of ethical theory? Student Answer: INCORRECT deontological CORRECT consequentiality trolley problematic egoistical understanding Philosophy Points Received: Of 1 Question 9.

Question : Which of the following does not describe the ways that chickens and turkeys are treated on factory farms, according to the video “Meet Your Med’ Student Answer: They are raised in their own excrement among corpses of other birds Some are so crippled from unnatural growth that they are unable to move CORRECT They are given ample space to roam and to express their own natural behavior. They are often beaten with metal rods, which is considered legal by the industry Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found at 0:43 in the video “Meet Your Meat” Points Received: 1 of 1 Question 10.

Question What is Tom Reggae’s position about the use of animals in research and agriculture? Student Answer: Animals should be used whenever it can be proven that he human benefits outweigh the harms caused to the animals CORRECT Animals should never be used for medical research or commercial agriculture Animals should only be used for medical research shown to be beneficial to humanity, never for agriculture Animals should be used in both medical research and agriculture but should be treated as humanely as possible Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. -8 Of Tom Reggae’s “The Case for Animal Rights” Points Received: Question 11. Question : What moral theory does Jeremy Beneath (with whom Singer seems to agree) endorse? Student Answer: Moral relativism Anarchism CORRECT Utilitarianism Social Contract Theory Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 3 of Peter Singer’s “All Animals are Equal. ” loft Question 12.

Question : According to Jeremy Beneath (as described by Singer) what should determine whether a beings interests should be taken into account? Student Answer: INCORRECT Whether they have the faculty of discourse Whether they can reason CORRECT Whether they can suffer Whether they are capable of love Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 4 of Peter Singers “All Question 13. Question : What does Singer say about finding the basis for moral duties in the “intrinsic dignity’ of humanity?

Student Answer: That God ordained humanity to be the top of the “great chain of being” That mankind is the most important species because it is the most intelligent That dolphins have actually been shown to be more intelligent than humans in many respects CORRECT That such fine phrases are a last resort for philosophers who cannot find a distinction that gives humans worth while denying it to all other species Explanation: The answer can be found on p. Of Peter Singer’s “All Animals are Equal. ” Question 14. Question : What is the point of Reggae’s discussion about Aunt Bea and utilitarianism’s respect for human life?

Student Answer: Utilitarianism feels that human life is paramount and not to be sacrificed under any circumstance Utilitarianism would say that God’s law that “thou shall not kill” will have very few exceptions Utilitarianism says that human life has not much value at all, a person can be killed for relatively minor reasons, like stealing their money CORRECT Because utilitarianism is aggregative, one individual’s right to life can be overridden in order to save many other people’s lives Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 5 of Tom Reggae’s ‘The Case for Animal Rights” Question 15.

Question : The philosopher John Stuart Mill recognized the following as a potential problem for utilitarianism Student Answer: It holds people to standards that are too high. Lead to increased liberty and justice. CORRECT It may result in a tyranny of the majority It may INCORRECT It may lead people to think independently of religious authority. Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in section 2. 1 of Understanding Philosophy Question 16. Question . What is Tom Reggae’s main criticism of the contracting approach to ethical duties?

Student Answer: It works fine for humans without problems, but it has not yet been applied to animals It ignores the importance of pain and suffering when it comes to ethics CORRECT It would allow all kinds Of human injustice if a stronger group is able to oppress the members of a weaker group of people INCORRECT He does not criticize it; he things that communitarian’s, if properly understood, represents the most rational approach to ethical problems Instructor Explanation: The answer can be mound on p. 2-3 of Tom Reggae’s “The Case for Animal Rights” Question 17.

Question What does Tom Reagan say about the cruelty/kindness approach to animal ethics? Student Answer: INCORRECT The best way to explain animal ethics is in terms of our obligation to be kind and not cruel to animals CORRECT It is inadequate because it is possible to do wrong while being kind, and it is possible to do wrong without being deliberately cruel It has no relevance to animal ethics because animals are cruel to each other You have to be cruel to be kind, in the right measure Instructor Explanation: The answer an be found on p. 4 of Tom Reggae’s “The Case for Animal Rights” Question 18.

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